Hz Abdullah was Hz. Abu Bakr’s son and Prophet’s brother-in-law. He became a Muslim in the first years of Islam. He was a clever and skilled man. He played an important role in the Migration of the Prophet. The Prophet remained in the Cave of Thawr for three days during the Migration. Hz. Abdullah brought food to them at night and informed them about the news he gathered from the polytheists by walking around them as his father had wanted him to do. His servant, who was herding the sheep, erased the traces of Abdullah.
Hz. Abdullah obtained the merit of being a “muhajir” by migrating from Makkah. He joined the Conquest of Makkah. He participated in the Battle of Hunayn and the Siege of Taif. During the siege, he was wounded by an arrow that hit him. The wound did not heal. In the first year of his father’s caliphate, his wound opened. He passed away. His janazah prayer was led by Hz. Abu Bakr.
Hz. Abu Bakr hid the arrow that wounded Abdullah. Afterwards, he showed this arrow to the delegation Thaqif from Madinah who became Muslims and said,
“Do you know this arrow?” Said bin Ubayd said,
“I made this arrow and I sharpened the tip. I put the feather on it and I threw it. “
Hz. Abu Bakr never wanted a person to die as a polytheist and go to Hell. If his son had killed son Said bin Ubayd, Said would have gone to Hell. However, his son, who was killed by Said, attained the rank of martyrdom. For this reason, Hz. Abu Bakr said to Said bin Ubayd,
“This arrow is the arrow that martyred my son. Praise be to Allah, who gave him martyrdom through your hand, and did not kill you through his hand as an unbeliever! His mercy and grace surrounded both of you. “
Hz. Said also was glad that he had not been killed in the battle as a polytheist. He thanked Allah. May Allah be pleased with them!
He married Atiqa bint Zayd, a poet from the Adi clan of the Quraysh. This marriage was childless. It was said that Abdullah respected Atiqa’s judgment more than his own and that he spent so much time with her that he neglected his duties to the Islamic state. Abu Bakr punished his son by ordering him to divorce her. Abdullah did as he was told but was grief-stricken. He wrote poetry for Atiqa:
I have never known a man like me divorce a woman like her,
nor any woman like her divorced for no fault of her own.
In the end, Abdullah was allowed to take Atiqa back before her waiting period was completed
Abdullah died in January 633, when his old wound from Ta’if flared up. His wife composed an elegy for him.
I vow that my soul will remain in sorrow over thee
and my skin will remain dusty.