Qays ibn Musahir Al Saidawi was an envoy of Husayn ibn Ali who headed towards Kufa carrying Husayn ibn Ali’s message for the people about his intention to arrive there.
Husayn ibn Ali (عليه السلام) reached Al Hajir from the direction of Al Rumma, he handed over his message to Qays in reply to the letter he received from Muslim ibn Aqil regarding the people of Kufa who expressed their desire to support Husayn ibn Ali (عليه السلام) against the Yazid lannati, their readiness came after they paid allegiance to Muslim ibn Aqil.(عليه السلام)
Husayn ibn Ali’s (عليه السلام) letter
Husayn ibn Ali (عليه السلام) in his letter to the people of Kufa which he dispatched with Qays ibn Musahir composed the following message : “Muslim ibn Aqil’s (عليه السلام) letter reached me. In it, he informs me of your consensus to support us and to demand our rights; therefore, I plead to Allah to enable us to do what is good and to reward you with the greatest of His rewards. I have come to you from Mecca on the eighth of Thul-Hijjah; so, if my messenger reaches you, maintain your stand, for I shall reach you in a few days.”
By the time Muslim’s message reached Husayn ibn Ali (عليه السلام)about the betrayal he suffered, Husayn ibn Ali (عليه السلام) had already sent Qays with the reply of that message about his intention to arrive there. However within few days Muslim was captured and then killed by the order of Kufa Governor Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad.
Arrest in Al Qadisiyya
Qays was captured in Al Qadissiya by the soldiers of Al Hasin ibn Nimir al Tamimi on his way to Kufa and was thus taken into court of Ibn Ziyad. Qays ibn Musahir was asked about the letter of Husayn ibn Ali(عليه السلام), which before being captured he had shredded or eaten. Ibn Ziyad was curious to know the contents of Husayn ibn Ali’s (عليه السلام) letter, he asked Qays for what did he shred the letter which Qays replied, in order to hide its contents.
Ibn Ziyad’s condition and Qays’s death
When Qays refused to reveal the contents of Husayn ibn Ali’s(عليه السلام) letter to Ibn Ziyad. He then asked Qays to raise on the pulpit and praise Yazid and curse Husayn ibn Ali(عليه السلام) in front of everyone. If done as directed, Ibn Ziyad promised to spare his life if done otherwise Ibn Ziyad threatened to kill him.
Ibn Ziyad put forth his condition in the following sentence:
“ Ascend the pulpit and curse Al Husayn and his father and brother; otherwise, I will cut you to pieces. ”
Qays ascended the pulpit as directed by Ibn Ziyad and started his speech in the following manner:
“ O people! I am the messenger of Al Husayn ((عليه السلام)) to you! I have left him in such-and-such a place; so, you should rush to his aid. ”
At the very same time Qays praised and glorified God and blessed the Rasool and his Progeny and was consistently imploring God’s blessings on Ali ibn Abi Talib(عليه السلام), on al-Hasan ibn Ali(عليه السلام) and al-Husayn ibn Ali (عليه السلام) Also Qays cursed Ibn Ziyad his father and all Umayyads, some accounts say he even cursed Yazid. At this Ibn Ziyad turned furious and ordered his men to throw Qays from above the rooftop of his palace. When Qays was thrown likewise his bones got crushed and Qays succumbed to his injuries. Some historians have recorded that Qays did not die immediately, so Abd al Malik Ibn Umayr al-Lakhmi slit his throat. When blamed, he replied that he wanted to put an end to Qays’s suffering