Khwaja Arif Riwgari (may Allah sanctify his secret) was born in the village of Riwgar six miles from Bukhara and one mile from Ghujdawan quddisa sirruhu. He stood at the door of his Shaikh, Khwaja Abdul Khaliq quddisa sirruhu and served him until the Shaikh gave him permission for irshad (giving guidance). He took the Secret of the Order from his Shaikh who witnessed his attainment to the state of perfection. He filled the countries around Bukhara with the scent of his blessings. He opened the minds and the hearts of the people of his time to the secrets of his knowledge.
Khwaja Arif wrote a treatise on Tasawwuf, called “Arif Nama”.
At the end of his times, Khwaja Arif appointed Khwaja Mahmud Anjir Faghnawi as his deputy and all his companions associated themselves with Khwaja Mahmud Faghnawi after his demise.
Khwaja Arif Riwgari (616 AH)
Hadhrat Khwāja Ārif Riwgarī, may Allāh sanctify his secret, was the deputy of Hadhrat Khwāja Abd al-Khāliq Ghujdawānī quddisa sirruhū. He was born in a village called Riwgar, about fifteen miles from Bukhārā, Uzbekistān.
Khwāja Abd al-Khāliq had four deputies. When he left this mortal world, his first deputy Khwāja Ahmad Siddīq quddisa sirruhū succeeded him and took over the seat of spiritual directorship and trained the seekers in this noble path. When he was close to dying, he urged all his followers to seek the company of Khwāja Ārif Riwgarī.
Khwāja Ārif wrote a treatise on Tasawwuf, called “Ārif Nāma”, and one of its manuscripts is located in the library of Khāniqāh Mūsā Zaī Sharīf, district Derā Ismāīl Khān, Pakistan.
At the end of his times, Khwāja Ārif appointed Khwāja Mahmūd Anjīr-Faghnawī as his deputy and all his companions associated themselves with Khwāja Mahmūd after his demise.
Khwāja Ārif Riwgarī quddisa sirruhū passed away on 1st Shawwāl 616 AH (December 1219 CE). He was buried in his hometown Riwgar, today called Safirkon, forty five kilometers north of Bukhārā, where his noble tomb is a place of blessings and is visited by many.
Among his contemporaries were the following saints:
- Shaykh Najm ad-Dīn Kubrā (d.617 AH) quddisa sirruhū, who was the founder of the Kubravī order and lived close to him in Khwārezm.
- Shaykh Umar Shahāb ad-Dīn Suhrawardī (d. 632 AH) quddisa sirruhū, founder of the Suhrawardī order who lived in Baghdād.
- Shaykh Muīn ad-Dīn Ajmerī (d. 633 AH) quddisa sirruhū, founder of the Chishtī order, who moved to Ajmer (India) in 1192 CE.
He was a Knower whose Inner Truth appeared to him in all its brightness and light. He was a Sun of Knowledge who illuminated the dark sky of his Age. He was called the Light in the Garden of Reality and the Light in the Garden of the Prophet .
Arif (q) was born in the village of Riwakar six miles from Bukhara and one mile from Ghujdawan. He stood at the door of his Shaikh, Abdul Khaliq, and served him until the Shaikh gave him permission for irshad (giving guidance). He took the Secret of the Order from his Shaikh who witnessed his attainment to the state of perfection. He filled the countries around Bukhara with the scent of his blessings. He opened the minds and the hearts of the people of his time to the secrets of his knowledge.
His students recorded many of his sayings. The following are some of them:
- “Trust in God until He becomes your Teacher. Make the Remembrance of Death your partner.”
- “Too much hope in the future veils you from the good found in Allah’s Way.”
- “Whoever says ten times in a day, ‘Oh Allah Guide the Nation of Muhammad. Oh Allah Bless the Nation of Muhammad. Oh Allah remove all afflictions from the Nation of Muhammad,’ will be written among the group of saints known as the Abdal.”
- “Whoever asks for Paradise without any good deeds it will be written for him as the Sin of Sins. Whoever awaits intercession without a cause, has a form of pride.”
- “It is surprising to see so many Righteous (saliheen), and yet so few Truthful believers (sadiqeen).”
- “To achieve healing from any affliction keep your affliction secret from people because they can be of no benefit to you. They can neither help you nor can they keep it from reaching you.”
- “There are three kinds of hearts: the heart like a mountain, which nothing can move; the heart like a palm-tree, its roots firm but its branches in motion; and the heart like a feather, which the wind blows from right to left.”
- “Who hopes to protect his religion, must avoid the company of people.”
- “O Allah, whenever you want to punish me, do it, but don’t keep me away from Your Presence.”
Arif ar-Riwakri (q) died in the same city he was born, Riwakar, and he was buried there. He passed his secret to Shaikh Khwaja Mahmoud al-Anjir al-Faghnawi (q).