Hazrat Sheikh Hafiz Abdul Razzak Tajuddin رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ

Hazrat Abd al-Razzāq b. ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Jīlānī رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ (c. Dhu al-Qi’dah 528 AH – 6 Shawwal 603 AH/9 September 1134 – 7 May 1207), also known as Hazrat Abū Bakr al-Jīlī or ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Jīlānī  رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ (often simplified as Abdul-Razzaq Gilani) for short, or reverentially as Shaykh ʿAbd al-Razzāq al-Jīlānī  رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ by Sunni Muslims, was a Persian Sunni Muslim Hanbali theologian, jurist, traditionist, and Sufi mystic based in Baghdad. As the son and spiritual heir of the renowned jurist and mystic Hazrat Abdul-Qadir Gilani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ (d. 1166), the founder of the Qadiriyya order of Sunni mysticism, Hazrat Abdul-Razzaq Gilani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ  received his initial training in all the traditional Islamic sciences under his forebear, prior to setting out “on his own to attend the lectures of other prominent Hanbali scholars” in his region.Abdul-Razzaq is sometimes given the Arabic honorary epithet Tāj al-Dīn (Crown of the Religion) in Sunni tradition, due to his reputation as an outstanding jurisconsult and mystic of the Hanbali school.

Family

Hazrat Razzaq Gilani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ was born on September 9, 1134 (18 Dhu al-Qi’dah 528 AH) in Baghdad. His father Hazrat Abdul Qadir Gilaniرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ was accorded as a Hasani and Husayni Sayyid

Name

His full name is, Sultan-ul-Faqr IV Abu Bakr Taj-ud-Din Shaikh Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ, the word Syed denotes his descent from Prophet صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم). The name Taj-ud-Din describes him as a “crown of religion” as he was the Mufti of Iraq during his time.[14] The phrase, al-Jilani refers to Gilan, the place of his father’s birth and he carried the family name.[15][16] However, Abdul Razzaq also carried the epithet, Sultan ul Faqr IV, referring to his spiritual status. His patronymic is Abu Bakr although rarely taken as part of his name.

Life

He got religious and spiritual education directly from his father benefitting other scholars of his time. He got knowledge of hadith and Fiqh from his father, muhaddiths and learned group of scholars of that time. Being a Mufti of Iraq and due to his excellence as a jurist and scholar, he got the title of ‘Taj-ud-Din’ which literally means ‘the crown of religion’.[21] He was known for his abstinence and renunciation sending most of his time in prayers and dhikr. He only met people to preach turning many devotees into notable scholars and mystics.

Hafiz Imad-ud-Din Ibn-e-Kathir writes, “Hazrat Abdul Razzaq was perfectly accomplished mystic, ascetic and pious person. No one among the children of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jillani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہwas more learned and accomplished than him. He rejected worldly riches, status and high posts. He was least interested in worldly pleasures and always looked forward to the hereafter. He listened and learnt Hadith from many scholars and many people learnt Hadith from him”.

The Incident of Celestial Beings

One day Shaikh Abdul Razzaq was present in the assembly of his father. Some mysterious and invisible beings were flying in sky, he saw them with fear but Ghaus-ul-Azam told him not to worry as he was one of them. Hazrat Abu Zura’a Zahir Bin Al-Muqqadas Al-Dari is reported to have said, “Today, a few such people are also present here who live across the mountain of Qa’f Qudas, their foot steps are in the air, their cloaks and the crowns of love of Allah on their heads are burning due to the extreme fire of Divine passion.” Shaikh Abdul Razzaq was sitting close to the chair of Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilani, listening to his words, he rose his head and gazed at the sky, in a moment his cloak and turban started burning and he fainted. Abdul Qadir Jilani rose up and put the fire out with his hands saying “Oh Abdul Razzaq you are also one of them”. Abu Zura’a says that “after the sermon I asked Shaikh Abdul Razzaq about the incident. He explained that when he gazed at the sky he saw some celestial spiritual people in the air whose cloaks and turbans were blazing with the extreme fire of Divine passion and they were circling and dancing in the air, they were thundering like clouds with the ache of Divine love. Seeing them he also felt the same”. [23]

Descendants

According to the author of Tuhfat-ul-Qaderia, He was father of five sons. Syed Imaaduddeen Abu Saleh Abdullāh Nasr Jilani, Syed Abul Qasim Abdul Raheem Jilani, Syed Abu Muhammad Ismāeel Jilani, Syed Abu Mohsin Fazlullāh Jilani and Syed Jamalullāh Jilani (famous as Hayat Al Meer).

Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani is the forefather of Jilanis of Sindh, Kashmir, Afghanistan, North Western Frontier Province (Pakistan) and some other parts of India.

Spiritual Sufi Order

The founder of the Qadiriyya, Abdul Qadir Jilani, was a respected scholar and preacher.[25] Having been a pupil at the school (madrasa) of Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomi he became the leader of this school after his death in 1119 CE. Being the new shaykh, he and his large family lived comfortably in the madrasa until his death in 1166, when his son, Abdul Razzaq, succeeded his father as the sheikh. The Qadiriyya flourished gradually and remained an influential Sunni institution. By the end of the fifteenth century the Qadiriyya had distinct branches and had spread to Morocco, Spain, Turkey, India, Ethiopia, Somalia, and present-day Mali.

In the Indian subcontinent, Sultan Bahooرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ is held responsible for spreading Qadiriyya order. His method of spreading the teachings of the Sufi doctrine of Faqr through his Punjabi couplets and through his writings which exceeded to more than 140. He granted the method of Dhikr and stressed that the way to reach Divinity is not through asceticism or excessive or lengthy prayers but it is selfless love carved out of annihilation in Allah called Divine Love.

Spiritual Lineage

The saintly lineage of Faqr reaches Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہin the following order:

  1. Hazrat Muhammad صلى الله عليه و آله وسلم
  2. Hazrat ‘Alī bin Abī Ṭālib عليه السلام
  3. Hazrat al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrīرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  4. Hazrat Habib al Ajamiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  5. Hazrat Dawud Taiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  6. Hazrat Maruf Karkhiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  7. Hazrat Sirri Saqtiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  8. Hazrat Junaid Baghdadiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  9. Hazrat Abu Bakr Shibliرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  10. Hazrat Abdul Aziz bin Hars bin Asad Yemeni Tamimiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  11. Hazrat Abu Al Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  12. Hazrat Mohammad Yousuf Abu al-Farah Tartusiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  13. Hazrat Abu-al-Hassan Ali Bin Mohammad Qureshi Hankariرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  14. Hazrat Abu Saeed Mubarak Makhzoomiرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  15. Hazrat Shaikh Abdul Qadir Jilaniرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ
  16. Hazrat Shaikh Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilaniرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ

Shaikh Syed Abdul Razzaq Jilaniرحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ lead the Qadiriyya order after his father and Murshid Shaikh Abdul Razzaq Jillani رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہgranted khilafat of Faqr to his grandson Abdul Jabbar Jillani.رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہ

Death and Shrine

Baghdad

His death date is mostly noted to be 6 Shawwal 603 AH. His shrine is besides the shrine of Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal رحمۃ اللہ تعالٰی علیہnear Baab-e-Harm in Baghdad. Few visitors and devotees are able to pay their regards due to the flow of river Tigris. He died on a Saturday, the 7 Shawwal 613 AH (some books mentioned 595 H, 1198 A.D) in Baghdad. A large crowd attended his funeral prayers, which were held also in many other places in Baghdad.

Works

The following book is found to be Shaikh Abdul Razzaq’s work:

  • Jala-ul-Khawatir : “(The Removal of Cares)”

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Hazrat Shaikh Sayyed Taaj-ud-deen Abdur Razzaaq Qaadri al-Jilani rahmatullāhi alaihi :

Laqab :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Qudwatul Auliya.

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Aap ki wilaadat 18 Zil Qa’ada 528 Hijri (9 September 1134 A.D.) me Baghdad me hui.

Aap ke waalid ka naam Hazrat Ghauṡ-ul-aazam Shaikh Sayyed Mohiy-ud-deen Abdul Qaadir Jilani bin Hazrat Abu Saaleh Moosā Jangi-dost radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu aur waalida ka naam Bibi Madeena binte Meer Muhammad Masjidi hai.

Aap Hasani saadaat hain.

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Aap Haafiz e Qur’an hue.
Aap ne apne waalid se Fiq’h ki ta’aleem haasil ki.
Phir Hazrat Abul Hasan ibn Darama, Abul Hasan Muhammad as-Saa’igh, Qaazi Abul Fazl Muhammad al-Armawi, Abul Qasam Saeed ibn al-Banna, Abul Fazl Muhammad ibn Naasir al-Haafiz, Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Zaghawani, Abul Muzaffar Muhammad al-Haashimi, Abul Mu’afa Ahmad ibn Ali ibn Sameen, Abul Fat’h Muhammad ibn Batir se Qur’an, Hadeeṡ aur Fiq’h ki ta’aleem haasil ki.

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Aap tanhai zyada pasand karte the aur khaanqaah me hi ibaadat aur muraaqaba karte rehte the.

Aap logo ko Hadeeṡ ki ta’aleem dete the.

Aap ke mash’hoor shaagird :
Is’hāq ibn Ahmad ibn Ghanim al-Athli,
Ali ibn Ali Khateeb Zuba,
Shaikh Shams-ud-deen Abdur Rahmān
Abdur Raheem al-Kamaal
Ahmad ibn Shaibaan
Ismāeel al-Asqalani
Fakhr Ali al-Muqaadasa
Khadeeja binte Shihaab ibn Raajiḥ

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Tasannif :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Aap ki likhi hui mash’hoor kitaab :
Jala-ul-Khawaatir.

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Pariwaar :
‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾‾
Aap ka nikaah Bibi Taaj-un-nisa Ummul Karam binte Fazaa’il at-Tarkini se hua.

Aap ke 5 saahabzaade aur 2 saahabzaadiya hain :

Saahabzaade :
(1) Shaikh Sayyed Abu Saaleh Imaad-ud-deen Abdullāh Nasr
(2) Shaikh Sayyed Abul Qaasim Abdul Raheem
(3) Shaikh Sayyed Abu Muhammad Ismāeel
(4) Shaikh Sayyed Abu Mohsin Fazlullāh
(5) Shaikh Sayyed Jamaalullāh urfe Hayaat ul Meer

Saahabzaadiya :
(1) Bibi Sa’adat
(2) Umme Muhammad Aa’isha .

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Aap (apne waalid) Hazrat Shaikh Sayyed Muhiy-ud-deen Abdul Qaadir Jilani rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.

Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Shaikh Sayyed Abu Saaleh Imaad-ud-deen Nasr Jilani rahmatullāhi alaihi
(2) Hazrat Shaikh Sayyed Abdul Jabbaar bin Sayyed Abu Saaleh Imaad-ud-deen Nasr Jilani rahmatullāhi alaihi
(3) Hazrat Shaikh Jamaal rahmatullāhi alaihi
(4) Hazrat Shaikh Sharaf-ud-deen Qattaal rahmatullāhi alaihi
(5) Hazrat Khwaja Shaah Noor-ud-deen rahmatullāhi alaihi
(6) Hazrat Shaikh Abul Ghairi al-Maghribi rahmatullāhi alaihi.

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Aap ka wisaal 6 Shawwaal 623 Hijri (September 1226 A.D.) ko Jum’aa ke roz hua.

Aap ki namaaz e janaaza me bahot badi ta’adaad me log saamil hue the.

Aap ka mazaar Baghdad (Iraq) me Hazrat Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal ke bagal me hai.

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ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Shaikh Sayyed Taaj-ud-deen Abdur Razzaaq Qaadri al-Jilani rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh aur Ahle bait ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.
Aameen.