In tenth century A.H. in the rein of Mughal emperor Akbar, a movement in the name ofDin-e-Ilahiagainst Islam emerged in the sub continent. Its mission was to revert the Muslims from Islam. In this critical era, the eminent personality, who along with other sages counteracted this mischief was Hazrat Shah Sikandar Qadri Kaithali. Before his birth, the Holy Prophet (SAW) and Hazrat Ali (R.A) had imported happy tidings to his mother that a blest son would born to her whose radiance would be like that of sun. Shah Sikandar was born on 29th of Shaban 959 A.H. has patronymic appellation (Kunyyat) was Abdul Hasnaat and is known by the title name of Raus-ul-Auliya and Mahboob-e-Elahi. He never sucked milk in day time during the month of Ramadan, but took it at the time of evening prayer. It means he strictly followed Shariah in his infancy. He was grandson of Hazrat Shah Kamal Kaithali, and son of Ameer-ul-Arifeen Hazrat Shah Imad-ud-Deen. He is his childhood was spiritually benefited by his grandfather and got mystic cloak of servitude and Faqr from him. Once his grandfather was making ablution by the bank of a water tank while his turban was lying nearby. Shah Sikandar was playing there. He got near and put the turban on his head. The grandfather smiled and saidO Dear! This is now your turban, I congratulate you.
Once before his birth, his grandfather asked his son Imdad-ud-Deencongratulation to you that you will be the father of such a son whose spiritual excellence will be acknowledged across the world.Spiritual radiance of Shah Sikandar was like that of sun whose rays dispelled darkness of infidelity and agnosticism. His way of life looked like that of his grandfather. His body emitted fragrance all the time which he inherited from Hazrat Ghaus-e-Azam Sheikh Syed Abdul Qadir Gilani. His spiritual sublimity can be accessed by the remarks given by Hazrat Mujaddid Alfsani who saidI can see the sun with my naked eyes, but cannot see towards his heart on account of intensity of spiritual radiations.
In his childhood, the teachers of Shah Sikandar seeing charismatic types of occurrence in his person, began to respect him. Mulla Hussaini used to sayThis son will emerge as a great spiritual leader of the mankind.The entire city was well aware that a child has born in the family of Ala Hazrat Shah Kamal who does not take milk in day time in the month of Ramadan. When he was admitted in the Madressah, the teacher taught himAlif. Shah Sikndar repeated the wordAlif. Then the teacher taught himBay. Shah saidAlifis enough for me and there is no need to readBay. Shah then explained extensive meanings of the worldAlifto the teacher which surprised him. When Shah Sikandar mother would recite the Holy Quran, he listened to it attentively. Once his mother saw the child sleeping in the cradle peacefully while a black snake fanning the flies. God had bestowed on him such miraculous eyes that on whomsoever he cast, changed his lot. The sinner repented and infidel turned Muslim. Love for the Ghous-e-Azam had deeply occupied Qazi Sadaruddin Lahori. He used to convey reward of recited verses and virtue to the soul of Hazrat Ghous-e-Azam. One day he saw Ghous-e-Azam in dream who said to himYou go to Kaithal and visit my son Shah Sikandar, his tongue is that of mine.
Shah Sikandar spent long span of time in austerities and became spiritual guide for training of the hearts and their moral purification in such a way that tyrants and oppressors abdicated tyranny and turned humble and pious. Negligent and careless folks became heedful towards religious obligation and those filled with agreed and excessive selfish desire for wealth turned ascetic and worshippers. In sum, whosever visited him became pious and religious minded. Countless travelers of mystic path were enlightened and become guide to the aspirants of Sufism. Once, when he was engaged in divine worship in a jungle four thieves approached him and enquired way of the city. Shah asked them to come near. He covered them with his own mantle (Chadar) and made them Wali. Someone has rightly saidIn the company of virtuous, evil deeds are changed into good. When saltish water of the sea is converted into cloud it turned sweet.
By nature Hazrat Shah Sikandar used to avoid kings and rich people. Sometime out of courtesy he would see them. Once governor of Samana visited Hazrat Shah and inquired way to attain divine nearness. Shah Sikndar said You people seek divine refuge from us whereas we seek divine protection from the world lings. Qazi Sadar-ud-din relates that his method of speech was attractive. He would explain even uninteresting and complicated subjects exquisitely so that the audience would feel their hearts purified and enlightened. Once Hazrat Mujaddid Alf Sani feel ill. His family lost hope of his life. His father Sheikh Abdul Ahad through a messenger, sought prayer of Hazrat Shah for the recovery of health. Shah Sikandar said:Nothing to worry about! He will regain health and the religion of Islam will prosperous under his banner.Hazrat Mujaddid Alf Sani had spiritual initiation (Bait) at his hand in Qadriyya Sufi Order.
It is related in the bookZubdatul-Maqamaatthat one day Hazrat Sheikh Abdul Ahad Sirhindi saidThe people usually talk about the spiritual excellence of Hazrat Baba Farid Ganj-e-Shakar, Hazrat Khawaja Nizam-ud-din Auliya and other Mashaikh of their own Sufi orders, but they are unaware of the spiritual sublimity of the sons of Hazrat Shah Kamal Qadri Kaithali.Hazrat Shah Sikandar would especially concentrate towards the cleansing of lower-self and purification of the morals as they entirely depend on purified heart, If the heart is purified, the forces of goodness come into action. He and his Khulafa (disciples), by initiating movement for the revival of Sunnah (path of the Holy prophet pbuh) made record in the history of Islamic Sufism. Thus Shah Sikandar was indeed on epoch making personality acknowledged by all the sages of the time. The corrupted heart, corrupts the man He who took care of it became successful. Hazrat Shah Sikandar following Qadriyya Sufi order gave new life to the dead hearts. Thus great sages and spiritualists of time such as Mujaddid Alf Sani, Sheikh Tahir Bandagi, Miran Shah Ramghari Rajputana, Pir Abdur Rehman Kotli, Mulla Idris Samanvi, Qazi Sadruddin Lahori, Mulla Abdul-Fath, Mulla Imam, Mulla Hadi, Mulla Mansoor, Mufti Sadruddin Gujrati etc. remained devotees of Hazrat Shah Sikandar who combated and defied Din-e-Ilahi of king Akbar boldly.
Hazrat Shah died on 10th Jamadi-ul-Awal 1025 A.H. His tomb is located in Kaithal Sharif, India, and is visited by thousands Muslims and non-Muslims before and after partition every year.
Hazrat Shaah Sayyed Abul Hasanaat Sikandar Qaadri Kaithali rahmatullāhi alaihi :
Aap ki wilaadat 29 Sha’abaan 959 Hijri (20 August 1552 A.D.) ko hui.
Aap ke waalid ka naam Hazrat Shaah Sayyed Imaad-ud-deen bin Shaah Sayyed Kamaal Kaithali hai.
Aap Hasani saadaat hain.
Aur Hazrat Ghauṡe aazam Sayyed Abdul Qaadir Jeelaani radiy-Allāhu ta’ala anhu ki nasl se hain.
Aap ke daada 928 Hijri (1522 A.D.) me Baghdad se Hind me tashreef laaye the.
Aap ki wilaadat se pehle Huzoor Nabi e kareem sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam aur Maula e kaa’inaat Hazrat Ali radiy-Allāhu anhu ne aap ki waalida ko bashaarat di thi ki ‘Tumhare yaha aisa beta aane waala hai jo sooraj ki tarah apne faiz se aalam ko roshan karega.’
Aap ke daada ne bhi apne bete Shaah Imaad-ud-deen se farmaaya the ke ‘Tumhe mubarak ho ke tumhare yaha aisa beta aane waala hai jis ke faiz se tamaam jahaan faizyaab hoga.’
Aap paida hote hi maahe Ramazaan me din ke waqt me doodh nahi peete the sirf raat me hi doodh peete the. Is tarah pure Ramazaan me roza rakhte the.
Aap ke daada jaan aap ko bachpan se faiz ata farmaate rahe.
Ek martaba Aap ke daada wuzu kar rahe the aur un ka amaama mubarak bagal me rakha hua tha. Aap ne khelte hue use apne sar par rakha. Ye dekhkar Shaah Kamaal ne farmaaya ‘Pyaare bete! Ab ye tumhara amaama hai. Tumhe mubarak ho.’
Jab Aap madrasa me gaye aur Ustaad ne padhaaya ‘Alif’ to aap ne ‘Alif’ padha, Phir ustaad ne ‘Bay’ padhaaya to aap ne ‘Bay’ padhne ke bajaay farmaaya ‘Mere liye Alif hi kaafi hai.’ Is ke baad Aap ne bahot der tak ‘Alif’ ka mafhoom samjhaya. Jise sunkar ustaad ko bhi ta’ajjub hua.
Aap ke sab ustaad aap ka bahot adab karte the. Mulla Husaini farmaate the ‘Ye bacha makhlooq ke liye aala darje ka murshid banega.’
Aap ne ek arse tak mujaahida aur riyaazat me waqt guzaara.
Aap hamesha saadgi aur qana’at apnaate the.
ALLĀH ta’ala ne Aap ko ye kamaal ata farmaaya tha ke aap ke nazare faiz se logo ke dil ka aalam badal jaata tha. Faasiq o gunaahgaar tauba kar lete the aur kaafir deene islaam me daakhil ho jaate the. Zaalim hukmaraan zulm karna chhod dete the aur dunyadaar log maal ki laalach chhodkar nek ban jaate the.
Aap ki taaleem aur faiz se be-shumaar logo ke dil roshan ho gaye.
Ek martaba Aap jungal me mujaahida me masroof the. Ek 4 chor waha se guzre. Unho ne aap se shaher ka raasta puchha. Aap ne unhe qareeb bulaaya aur apni chaadar un ke sar par rakhi. ALLĀH ta’ala ke fazl se wo Wali ban gaye.
Aap baadshaaho aur ameero se parhez karte the.
Ek martaba Samana ka governor aap ki khidmat me aaya aur ALLĀH ta’ala ki qurbat ka tareeqa bataane ke liye arz kiya to Aap ne farmaaya ‘Tum log humare zariye Rab ta’ala ki panaah chaahte ho aur hum us se dunyadaaro se hifaazat maangte hain.’
Aap hamesha tazkiyah e nafs aur husne akhlaaq ki ta’aleem dete the. Aap maante the ke agar qalb paak hoga to neki ki taaqat zaroor aṡar karegi.
Aap hamesha sunnato ki paabdandi ki taaqid karte the.
988 Hijri (1581 A.D.) me Mughal baadshah Akbar ne sab mazhab ko milaakar Deen-e-Ilāhi banaya to aap ne use maanne se inkaar kiya aur farmaaya ke ‘Sirf deen e Islaam hi sahi hai.’
Hazrat Qaazi Sadr-ud-deen Lahori ke dil me Hazrat Ghauṡe aazam Abdul Qaadir Jeelaani rahmatullāhi alaihi ki be-inteha mohabbat thi. Wo hamesha Tilaawate Qur’an karke Ghauṡe aazam ki baargaah me isaale ṡawaab karte rehte the. Ek martaba Ghauṡe aazam ne khwaab me tashreef laakar irshaad farmaaya ‘Tum Kaithal jaao aur mere farzand Shaah Sikandar se mulaaqaat karo. Us ki zabaan meri zabaan ki tarah hai.’
Ek martaba Hazrat Mujaddid-e-Alfe Ṡaani Imaam Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi rahmatullāhi alaihi shadeed beemaar hue. Aap ke pariwaar ne bhi unke sehatyaab hone ki ummeed chhod di. Hazrat Mujaddid-e-Alfe Ṡaani ke waalide mohtaram Shaikh Abdul Ahad ne ek shakhs ko Hazrat Shaah Sikandar Kaithali rahmatullāhi alaihi ke paas bhejkar dua ke liye iltija ki. Aap ne un ke munh me apna Luaabe dahan daala aur farmaaya ‘Fikr mat karo. Bacha jaldi hi theek ho jaayega aur us ki umr badi taweel hai. Is ke jhande ke tale deene islaam shaadaab wa kaamraan hoga.’
Aap Hazrat Shaah Sayyed Kamaal Kaithali rahmatullāhi alaihi ke mureed aur khalifa hain.
Aap ke khulfa :
(1) Hazrat Shaah Sayyed Mohibullāh Ilyaas rahmatullāhi alaihi,
(2) Hazrat Mujaddid-e-Alfe Ṡaani Imaam Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi rahmatullāhi alaihi.
Aap ka wisaal 10 Jamaadi ul Awwal 1025 Hijri (26 May 1616 A.D.) ko hua.
Aap ka mazaar Kaithal (Haryana) me hai.
ALLĀH ta’ala us ke Habeeb sallallāhu alaihi wa sallam ke sadqe me
Aur Hazrat Shaah Sayyed Sikandar Qaadri Kaithali rahmatullāhi alaihi aur tamaam Auliya Allāh ke waseele se
Sab ko mukammal ishq e Rasool ata farmae aur Sab ke Eimaan ki hifaazat farmae aur Sab ko nek amal karne ki taufiq ata farmae.
Aur Sab ko dunya wa aakhirat me kaamyaabi ata farmae aur Sab ki nek jaa’iz muraado ko puri farmae.