Hadhrat Khwāja Mawlānā Muhammad Amkanakī quddisa sirruhu was born around 918 AH (1512/1513 CE). He lived in Amkana, a small town near Samarqand (now Uzbekistan).
He received spiritual training in the Naqshbandi tariqah from his father Mawlānā Durwish Muhammad quddisa sirruhu. He remained steadfast on his father’s path for about thirty years, and tried to hide his spiritual mastership from the people. However, he started training pupils when he was commanded to do so, and led numerous seekers to the highest stages of the Sufi path.
He married the daughter of Hadhrat Khwāja Sābir, and from her he had a son called Hadhrat Khwāja Abul-Qāsim quddisa sirruhu.
Hadhrat Khwāja Amkanagi quddisa sirruhu met his lord on 22nd Sha’aban 1008 AH (8/9 March 1600 CE) at the age of 90 years. He was buried in his hometown Amkana (Uzbekistan), where his noble shrine became a place of pilgrimage by the seekers and other Muslims.
Hadhrat Khwāja Abul-Qāsim quddisa sirruhu was the son of Khwāja Amkanagi and learned the Sufi path from his father, and after his demise, he continued to benefit the seekers in the spiritual way.
Hadhrat Khwāja Bāqi Billāh quddisa sirruhu wrote a letter to this noble son of his master in which he expressed utmost humility and servantship. Imām Rabbāni Shaykh Ahmad Fāruqi Sirhindi radiyAllāhu anhu also wrote letters to Khwāja Abul-Qāsim, which are included as letter 168 and 180 in the first volume of the Maktubāt.
He passed away in 1022 AH at the age of 39 years and was buried besides his father in Amkana.
Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Amkanagī quddisa sirruhu had many qualified and perfected deputies. Some of them chose to become shaykhs and trained their pupils in the Sufi path, others preferred to remain obscure from the people. A few of those noble deputies are the following.
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Bāqī Billāh quddisa sirruhu
- Hadhrat Khwāja Abul-Qāsim quddisa sirruhu, his son (d. 1022 AH)
- Hadhrat Khwāja Sābir quddisa sirruhu (d. 1034 AH)
- Hadhrat Khwāja Muhammad Yahyā quddisa sirruhu, son of Khwāja Sābir (mentioned above)
Khwāja Amkanagi had many qualified murids who had traversed the Sufi path to the sublime spiritual stations. Among them was his son-in-law Khwāja Ahmad alias Khwāja Amal quddisa sirruhu, who traveled to India and died in 1020 AH in or around Gujarat.
The next in the Naqshbandī Mujaddidī Tāhirī spiritual golden chain is Khwāja Muhammad Bāqī Billāh Dihlawī.
Hadhrāt al-Quds, by Shaykh Badr ad-Dīn Sirhindī
Nismāt al-Quds, by Khwāja Muhammad Hāshim Kishmī. Urdu translation by Sayyid Mahboob Hasan Wāstī, published from Lahore in 1410 AH.
Muhammad Khwaja al-Amkanaki
May Allah Sanctify His Soul
“O perfect, full Moon! The house of the heart is Thine! The intellect–which was once the master–has become thy slave and doorman.
From the day of Alast [“Am I not”] the spirit has been drunk with Thee, though for a time it was distracted by water and clay.
Since the clay has now settled to the bottom, the water is clear–no more do I say, ‘This is mine, that is Thine.'”
He was the Inheritor of the Secrets of the Prophet and the Ultimate of the Preferred Saints. He was the Imam whose majestic position everyone acknowledged and whose blessings reached far and wide.
He was born in Amkana, a village of Bukhara. He was raised by his father and his uncle. During his childhood he was well guided, until he became like one beneath an exalted dome, protected from every shame. He never discovered any good characteristic except he acquired it. He discarded even the smallest mistakes and errors. He never encountered a high station without encompassing it, nor a valuable secret without keeping it, nor a delicious spiritual taste without savoring it. He followed his father like the sun on a bright day and like a full moon in a dark night. He sat on the Throne of Succession and he tried his best in lifting up the hearts of people. He wore the cloak of the Qutbs (Spiritual Poles) and every atom in this world, whether human or animal, plant or inanimate object, was supported by his spirituality. The light of his power enlightened the Way of this Order, so that his fame was spread far and wide, and people ran to him to receive his knowledge, to be guided by his light and be enlightened by his guidance. His door became the aim of every Knower and the Qiblah (Focus of Spiritual Attention) of the hearts of the Pious. He was dressed and decorated with the attributes of the Divine, attesting to his high position in the Heavenly Realm.
These are some of his blessed sayings:
“Everyone must know that for the seeker to progress in this Tariqat, he must first sear into his heart the image of his Shaykh, until the traces of the heat of that connection become visible. He must direct that heat to the Essential, Universal Heart. This is the level of the heart in which exist the combined realities of all humanity and all creation, worldly and heavenly. Although there is no physical incarnation, all ancestors and eventually all creation exist in the Essential heart. The seeker must not be distracted by the details of the creation, but must direct the power of the Heart towards the One whose Reality encompasses everything. He must be free of any doubt regarding the manifestation of the One who is always Present, and must know that nothing exists except Allah, Almighty and Exalted. He must see with the Eye of Truth that all creation appears and exists through Allah alone.”
“The demand of this Order is to direct yourself to the State of Erasure and Annihilation, which is the First State of Bewilderment. This will lead you to the State of Receiving the Pure Light of the Essence. In that state there will be no other element existing except that Pure Essence. Even the Names and the Attributes cannot exist in that State of the Pure Essence. The one who can reach the state of the Pure Essence is higher than the one who is in the State of the Names and Attributes.”
He died in 1016 H. He passed his secret to Shaykh Muayyidu-d-Din Muhammad al-Baqi(q).