Volume 1, Parts 1.32.1
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Waqid al-Aslami
informed us: Al-Dahhak Ibn ‘Uthman related to me on the authority of
Ibrahim Ibn `Abd al-Rahman Ibn `Abd Allah 1bn Abi Rabi`ah; (second
chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Musa Ibn Muhammad 1bn Ibrahim al-Taymi
informed us on the authority of his father; (third chain) he (Ibn Said)
said: `Abd Allah Ibn Yazid al-Hudhali related to us on the authority of
Ya`qub Ibn `Utbah al-Akhnasi; (fourth chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Besides
these some other persons also related portions of this narration; they said:
The cause of the battle of Fijár was that al-Nu’man Ibn al-Mundhir (the
ruler of Hirah), sent his latimah (Latimah means musk as well as a flock
of camels) to be sold at the market of `Ukaz, the custody of which had
heen taken by `Urwah Ibn ‘Utbah Ibn Jábir Ibn Kilàb surnamed al￾Rahhal (an expert cameleer). They halted at a spring which was called
Uwàrah, where al-Barrád Ibn Qays, a member of the tribe of Bakr Ibn
`Abd Manat Ibn Kinánah, who was a clever man, attacked `Urwah and
killed him. Then he fled to Khaybar where he took refuge, here he met
the poet Bishr Ibn Abi Khazim al-Asadi informed him and told him
about this incident and commissioned him to convey this information to
`Abd Allah lbn Jud`àn, [P. 81] Hisham Ibn al-Mughirah, Harb Ibn
Umayyah, Nawfal lbn Mu`awiyah al-Dili and Bal’a Ibn Qays. He went to
`Ukaz and informed them. So they travelled (from there) to take refuge
at the sanctuary of the Ka`bah. (The tribe of) the Qays also received this
information at the close of the day; Abu Bara said: We were deceived by
the Quraysh. They followed their footsteps, but they met them when they
had entered the sanctuary. Al-Adram Ibn Shu’ayb, a member of the tribe
of Banu ‘Amir called at the top of his voice: Verily the respite for you is
the period of these nights of the coming year and we will not be inactive
at the assembly (of Muzdalifah).
Then he recited:
“We have warned the Quraysh of what the dislike, that they would
come to the blows which will rend”.
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: That year the ‘Ukaz fair was not held. He (lbn
Sa`d) said: The tribes of Quraysh, Kinanah and Asad lbn Khuzaymah
and other allies who came to be known as Ahábish, (Hubshi is a hillock in
the suburbs of Makkah where the tribes of al-Harith Ibn ‘Abd Manat Ibn
Kinànah, ‘Adal, al-Qarah and Dish took an oath of mutual assistance
saying: “We swear to remain united against others as long as the night
continues to remain dark, the day shines and hillock of Hubshi remains
firm where it is now.) namely, al-Harith Ibn ‘Abd Manat Ibn Kinánah,
`Adal, al-Qàrah, Dish and al-Mustaliq, a branch of Khuuzi`ah, swore to
assist Ba’1-Harith lbn `Abd Manat. They spent a year in making
preparations for this conflict. The tribe of Qays `Aylán also made
preparations and they returned in the following year (to settle the metter).
The chiefs of the Quraysh were `Abd Allah Ibn Jud’an, Hishám lbn al￾Mughirah, Harb lbn Ummayyah, Abu `Uhayhah Sa’id Ibn al-`As, `Utbah
1bn Rabi`ah, al-`As lbn Wa’il, Ma’mar Ibn Habib al-Jumahi and
`Ikrimah Ibn `Amir Ibn Hashim Ibn `Abd Manaf Ibn `Abd al-Dar. They
emerged under their banners and it is said that they were under the
command of `Abd Allah Ibn Jud’an.
The chiefs of the Qays were Abu Bara `Amir Ibn Malik Ibn Ja`far,
Subay` Ibn Rabi`ah Ibn Mu`awiyyah al-Nasri, Durayd Ibn al-Simmah,
Mas’ud Ibn Mu’attib al-Thaqafi, Abu `Urwah Ibn Mas’ud Masud, `Awf
Ibn Abi Harithah al-Murri and `Abbas Ibn Ri`l al-Sulami. They were the
chiefs and the commanders. It is narrated: All of them were under the
command of Abu Bara in whose hand was the flag, and who arranged
their rows.
They confronted each other; in the forenoon the Qays had the better of
the fighting against the Quraysh and Kinànah, but in the afternoon the
Quraysh and Kininah gained the upper hand. They killed the combatants
of the opponents in large number till `Utbah lbn Rabi`ah, who was a
young man, under thirty, called for peace. They made peace on the terms
according to which the dead were counted and the Quraysh, gave
compensation for the number of the dead in excess of their own. The
fighting then came to an end and the Quraysh and the Qays retired.
The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said, recollecting the Battle of
al-Fijar:  attended it with my uncles and shot arrows there and I do not
repent it. He was twenty years old at that time; the Battle of al-Fijar took
place twenty years after the year of the Elephant.

Volume 1, Parts 1.32.2
He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us; (second chain)
he (lbn Sa`d) said: Al-Dahhak Ibn `Uthman related to me on the
authority of `Abd Allah Ibn ‘Urwah, he on the authority of Hakim Ibn
Hizám; [P. 82] he said:
1 noticed the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, attending the Battle
of al-Fijar; and Muhammad Ibn `Umar said: The `Arabs composed
numerous verses commemorating the Battle of al-Fijar.

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