ACCOUNT OF THE BIRTH OF THE APOSTLE OF ALLAH(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ)

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Waqid al-Aslami informed us; he said: Abu Bakr Ibn ‘Abd Allah Ibn Abi Sabrah related to me on the authority of Ishaq Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn Abi Farwah, he on the authority of Abu Ja`far Muhammad Ibn `Ali; he said:

The Apostle of Allah, (may Allah bless him), was born on Monday, the 10th of the month of Rabi` al-Awwal; and the invasion of the people of the Elephants (asháb al-fil) took place in the middle of Muharram, fifty five days prior to this event.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us; he said:

Abu Ma`shar Nujayh al-Madani used to say that the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him ! was born on Monday, 2 Rabi` al-Awwal.

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He (lbn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn Mu’awiyah al-Nayshaburl informed us: Ibn Lahi`ah informed us on the authority of Khalid Ibn Abi `Imran, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas; he said:

Your Prophet was born on Monday.

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He (lbn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn ‘Umar informed us on the authority of Hishŕm Ibn Sa’d, he on the authority of Zayd Ibn Aslam, he on the authority of `Abd Allah Ibn ‘Alqamah Ibn al-Faghwa; (second chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Ishaq Ibn Yahya Ibn Talhah related to us on the authority of Isa Ibn Talhah, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas; (third chain) he (lbn Sa’d) said: Musa Ibn `Ubaydah related to us on the authority of Muhámmad Ibn Ka`b; (fourth chain) Muhammad Ibn Sŕlih related to us on the authority of `lmran Ibn Mannah; (fifth chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Qays Ibn al-Rabi’ related to us on the authority of Ibn Ishaq, he on the authority of Sa’id Ibn Jubayr; (sixth chain) he (Ibn Sa’d) said: `Abd Allah Ibn `Amir al-Aslami related to us on the authority of the daughter of Abu Tajrát; (seventh chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Hukaym Ibn Muhammad related to me on the authority of his father, he on the authority of Qays [P. 63] Ibn Makhramah; they all said:

The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, was born in the year of the Elephant. (It refers to Abrahah’s attack on Makkah, which was regarded as the basis of one of the Arab eras).

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Yahya Ibn Ma’in informed us: Hajjaj Ibn Muhammad informed us: Yunus Ibn Abi Ishaq informed us on the authority of Sa’id Ibn Jubayr, he on the authority of lbn `Abbas; he said:

The Apostle of Allah, (may Allah bless him), was born on the day of the Elephants by which he meant the year of the Elephant.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar informed us: Muhammad Ibn Muslim informed us on the authority of al-Zuhri; (second chain) he (Ibn Sa’d) said: Musa Ibn `Ubaydah related to us on the authority of his brother and Muhammad lbn Ka`b al-Qurazi; (third chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: ‘Abd Allah lbn Ja`far al-Zuhri related to us on the authority of his paternal aunt, Umm Bakr, Bint al-Miswar, she on the authority of her father; (fourth chain) he (lbn Sa`d) said: `Abd al-Rahman Ibn Ibrahim al-Madani, and Ziyad Ibn Hashraj, they on the authority of ‘Abu Wajzah; (fifth chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Ma`mar Ibn Abi Nujayh related to us on the authority of Mujahid; (sixth chain) he (Ibn Sa`d) said: Talhah Ibn ‘Amr related to us on the authority of ‘Atá, he on the authority of Ibn `Abbas; their narrations consolidated are:

Verily ‘Aminah Bint Wahb Said: I became pregnant with him, meaning the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, but I felt no discomfort till I delivered him. But when he mas separated from me there emitted with him a light which made everything between the East and the West bright. Then he fell on the earth resting on his hands and took a handful of earth and raised his head to the heaven; and some say that he was reclining on his knees, raising his head to the heaven, and there emitted with him a light which illuminated the palaces of Syria and its markets, till I saw the necks of camels at Busra.

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He (Ibn Sa’d) said: `Amr Ibn ‘Asim al-Kilŕbi informed us: Hammam Ibn Yahya informed us on the authority of Ishaq Ibn ‘Abd Allah: Verily the mother of the Prophet said:

When I delivered him, there emitted a light from my womb which illuminated the palaces of Syria, so I delivered him clean as the lamb without impurities, and he fell on the earth with his hands resting on it.

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He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Mu’adh Ibn Mu’adh al-‘Anbari informed us; he said: Ibn `Awn related to us on the authority of Ibn al-Qibtiyah relating to the birth of the Prophets, (may Allah bless him), he said: his (Prophet’s) mother said:

I noticed as if a meteor came out of me with which the earth was lighted.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: `Affŕn Ibn Muslim informed us: Hammád Ibn Salamah informed us on the authority of Ayyub, he on the authority of `Ikrimah:

Verily when the Prophet’s mother delivered him, she put him under a stone vessel which split up. She said (relating to this): I saw him gazing towards heaven.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: `Abd al-Wahhŕb Ibn ‘Ata al-`Ijli informed us on the authority of Thawr Ibn Yazid, he on the authority of Abu a1-Ajfa, he on the authority of the Prophet; he said:

When my mother delivered me she perceived a glow of light in which (she saw) the palaces of Busra.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Sa`d Ibn Mansur informed us: Faraj Ibn Fudalah informed us on the authority of Lugman Ibn `Amur, he on the authority of Abu Amamah al-Bahili; he said: The Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, said:

My mother perceived as if light emitted from her [P. 64] with which the palaces of Syria illuminated.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Al-Haytham Ibn Khárijah informed us: Yahya Ibn Hamzah informed us on the authority of al-Awzŕ`i, he on the authority of Hassan Ibn `Atiyyah:

When the Prophet was born, he fell on his palms and knees gazing at the sky.
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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Yunus Ibn `Ata al-Makki informed us: Al-Hakam Ibn Aban al-Adani informed us: `Ikrimah informed us on the authority of Ibn `Abbas, he on the authority of his father al-Abbas Ibn `Abd al-Muttalib; he said:

The Prophet was born circumcised and with navel chord cut; this caused `Abd al-Muttalib wonder and he was pleased; he remarked: This child of mine will achieve greatnéss, which he did.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar Ibn Wagid al-Aslami informed us; he said: `Ali Ibn Yazid Ibn `Abd Allah Ibn Wahb Ibn Zam’ah related to me on the authority of his father, he on the authority of his paternal aunt; she said:

When ‘Aminah Bint Wahb was delivered of the Apostle of Allah, may Allah bless him, she sent for `Abd al-Muttalib. When the messenger of good news came to him, he was sitting in al-Hijr with his sons and some members of his tribe. He informed him that ‘Aminah was delivered of a boy. The news pleased `Abd al-Muttalib, and he stood up along with those who were there. Then he entered her apartment. Thereupon she informed him of what she had perceived and what was said to her and to what she wars commanded. He (al-`Abbas) said: `Abd al-Muttalib took him and carried him to the Ka`bah and standing there he prayed to Allah and thanked Him for what He had bestowed on him.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Umar al-Aslami informed us; he said:

I have been informed that ‘Abd al-Muttalib recited that day:
“All praises be to Allah who bestowed on me this boy of pure character.
He has been the leader of the boys in his cradle, (so) I entrust him to the care of Allah the Lord arkan (the pillars of the Ka’bah).
I wish to see him attain maturity, and I seek refuge from the evil of malicious person.
(I seek refuge) from the evil of the agitated envious person”.

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