ACCOUNT OF THE NAMES AND PATRONYMICS OF THE APOSTLE (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ)

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn Ismŕ’il Ibn Abu Fudayk al-Madani informed us on the authority of Musa Ibn Ya’qub al-Zam`i, he on the authority of Sahl the mawld of ‘Uthaymah; (he said):

Verily there was a christian of Maas who recited the Gospel; he said that the description of the Prophet(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) in the Gospel purported to mean that he would be in progeny of lsmá`il and his name would be Ahmad.

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He (Ibn Sa’d) said: Muhammad Ibn ‘Umar Ibn Wŕqid al-Aslami informed us; he said: Qays the mawlá of ‘Abd al-Wahid related to me on the authority of Salim, he on the authority of Abu Ja`far Muhammad Ibn `All; he said:

Aminah was commanded (by God) during her pregnancy with the Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), to give him the name of Ahmad.

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He (lbn Sa`d) Sad: Abu ‘Amir al-Aqadi, whose name was ‘Abd al-Malik Ibn ‘Amr, informed us: Zuhayr Ibn Muhammad informed us on the authority of `Abd Allah Ibn Muhammad Ibn `Uqayl, he on the authority of Muhammad Ibn `Ali i.e. Ibn al-Hanafiyyah that he heard [P. 65] `All Ibn Abi Talib saying:

The Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), said: I have been named Ahmad.

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He (Ibu Sa`d) said: `Affán Ibn Muslim informed us, saying: Hammad Ibn Salamah informed us on the authority of Ja`far Ibn Abi Wahshiyah, he on the authority of Nafi lbn Jubayr Ibn Mut’im, he on the authority of his father; he said:

I heard the Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), saying: I am Muhammad (praised), Ahmad (praised), al-Hashir (collector), al-Máhi (one who obliterates), al-Khŕtim (the Last) and al-Aqib (the last).

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Affán Ibn Muslim informed us: Hammŕd Ibn Salamah informed us on the authority of ‘Asim Ibn Buhdalah, he on the authority of Zirr Ibn Hubaysh, he on the authority of Hudhayfah; he said:

I heard the Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), saying in a lane of Madinah: I am Muhammad, Ahmad, al-Hashir, al-Muqaffi (the last) and Nabi al-Rahmah (prophet of peace).

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Muhammad Ibn `Ubayd al-Tanafisi, Abu Nu’aym al-Fadl Ibn Dukayn, Kathir Ibn Hashim and Hashim Ibn al-Qŕsim al-Kinani informed us; they said: al-Mas’udi related to us on the authority of Amr Ibn Murrah, he on the authority of Abu `Ubaydah, he on the authority of Abu Musa al-Ash`ari; he said:

The Apostle of Allah(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) repeated before us his names, some of which we retained in memory, and he said: I am Muhammad, Ahmad, al-Muqaffi, al-Hashir, Nabi al-Rahmah, Tawbah (repentence) and al-Malhamah (battles).

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He (lbn Sa`d) said: `Abd Allah Ibn Numayr informed us on the authority of Malik i.e. Ibn Mighwal, he on the authority of Abu Husayn, he on the authority of Mujahid, he on the authority of the Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ); he said:

I am Muhammad and Ahmad, I am Rasul al-Rahmah, I am Rasul al-Malhamah, I am al-Muqaffi and a1-Hashir; I have been raised for Jihad and I am not raised for tillage.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Ma’n 1bn Isa al-Ashja`i informed us: Malik lbn Anas informed us on the authority of Ibn Shihab, he on the authority of Ibn Jubayr Ibn Mut`im, he on the authority of his father: Verily the Apostle of Allah(صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:

Mine are five names, 1 am Muhammad, Ahmad, al-Mahi because Allah will efface blasphemy, I am a1-Hashir, because people will be assembled on the Day of Judgement after my footsteps; and I am al-`Aqib

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Al-Fadl Ibn Dukayn informed us on the authority of Sufyan 1bn ‘Uyaynah, he on the authority of al-Zuhri, he on the authority of Muhammad Ibn Jubayr Ibn Mut’im, he on the authority of his father, he on the authority of the Prophet as above narrated, with the addition:

I am al-`Aqib, and after me there will be no Prophet.

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He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Abu `Umar Hujayn lbn al-Muthanna, the comrade of al-Lulu, informed us: al-Layth lbn Sa`d informed us on the authority of Khalid Ibn Yazid, he on the authority of Sa’d i.e. Ibn Abi Hilál, he on the authority of ‘Utbah lbn Muslim, he oat the authority of Nafi` Ibn Jubayr:

Verily he was presented before `Abd al-Malik Ibn Marwán who asked him: Do you know all the names of the Prophet, which Jubayr i.e. Ibn Mut’im repeated? He said: Yes ! they are six, Muhammad, Ahmad, Khŕtim, Hashir, ‘Aqib and Mahi. He is Háshir, because he was raised as a warner of severe torment on the day of resurrection, as regards al-Aqib, verily he came after the Prophet; as regards al-Mahi, verily Allah effaced the evil deeds of his followers because of him.

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He (lbn Sa`d) said: Abu Damrah Anas Ibn`Iyád al-Laythi informed us; he said: [P. 66] Al-Hŕrith Ibn `Abd al-Rahman Ibn Abi Dhubáb related to me on the authority of ‘Ata Ibn Mina, he on the authority of Abu Hurayrah; he said:

The Apostle of Allah, (صَلَّى ٱللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَآلِهِ وَسَلَّمَ), said: O servants of Allah ! look as to how Allah removes their (referring to the Quraysh) abuses and damnation from me. They (Companions) said: How? 0 Apostle of Allah? He said: They abuse and damn (the person who is); Mudhammam and I am Muhammad.

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