The Prophet (S.A.W) informed Ali (A.S.) about the dangerous situation and his plan to migrate to
Yasrib. He asked Ali (A.S.) if he would sleep in his (Prophet (S.A.W)’s) bed covering himself with the
Prophet (S.A.W)’s green chaddor. It was a dangerous situation, the wall’s of the Prophet (S.A.W)’s
house were hardly seven feet high. Anybody could peep in and see whether the Prophet (S.A.W) was in
the house or not. But when the Prophet (S.A.W) asked Ali (A.S.) if he would accept this danger to his
life? Ali (A.S.) replied with a counter question, “If I sleep in your place, in your bed, will your life be
saved?” “Yes.” replied the Prophet (S.A.W), “Allah has promised me save passage” Ali (A.S.) thanked
Allah and slept in the bed of the Prophet (S.A.W) covering himself with the Prophet (S.A.W)’s green
chaddor. The Prophet (S.A.W) left his house unobserved by the waiting assailants.
Commenting on the sacrifice of Ali (A.S.), Imam Gazali in his Tareekhe Khamees writes that it was for
this occasion that revelation from Allah came, ” Among the people are those who sell their lives to seek
the satisfaction of Allah.” [Vol.1, page 267] Qastalani in Mohabbe Ladeem says that Ali (A.S.) was the
first person to sell his life [Vol.1, page 78].
During the night many stones and arrows were thrown on the bed of the Prophet (S.A.W) but Ali (A.S.)
did not move. In the morning when the assailants jumped in and pulled the green chaddor they found
Ali (A.S.) in the place of Mohammad (S.A.W). “Where is Mohammad?” they asked in anger. “What do I
know? You did not give Mohammad to me,” Ali (A.S.) replied. The assailants wanted to kill him, but
when they saw Ali (A.S.) defiant and ready to fight they left him and went out in search of the Prophet
This departure of the Prophet (S.A.W) from Mecca to Yasrib is called Hijrat. It took place on Thursday in
the month of September 622 A.D. The Muslim era is named after this event. It was introduced by Umar
Bin Khattab during his rule on the advice of Ali (A.S.). In those days the solar calendar of the Christians
and the ancient calendar known as Aamul Feel were in vogue and people often got confused in
recording the events.
Ali (A.S.) stayed in Mecca for three days fulfilling the task the Prophet (S.A.W) gave him. Specially the
return of the goods and money, the people of Mecca had kept him for safe custody, and arranging the
supply of food and water to the Prophet (S.A.W) who was staying in the caves of Hera on the outskirts
of Mecca. Ali (A.S.) arranged for the food and Amir Bin Faheera carried it to the cave. As the Prophet
(S.A.W) did not have any mounts with him nor any guide who could show him the way to Yasrib Ali
(A.S.) purchased three camels from the people of Bahrain who were camping in Mecca and the services
of Abdullah Bin Yarkat to show the way to Yasrib [Tafseer-e- Durre Mansoor, Vol. 3, page 240].
After completing the job Ali (A.S.) left Mecca in broad daylight with four ladies the Prophet (S.A.W) had
asked him to bring. They were :-
(1) Fatema (S.A.) the Prophet (S.A.W)’s daughter, (2) Fatema, Ali (A.S.)’s mother, (3) Fatema, cousin of
Ali (A.S.) and Mohammad (S.A.W) and daughter of Hamza, (4) Fatema, Ali (A.S.)’s aunt. The Quraish
sent eight men to stop Ali (A.S.) from taking these ladies with him, but Ali (A.S.) refused to part with
them and fought with them killing one Junnah and driving the rest away. The journey to Madina was of
ten days, and as Ali (A.S.) had only two camels with him on which the ladies of his household were
sitting he walked the entire 280 miles on foot.
The Prophet (S.A.W) who had reached Quba (a village two miles before Yasrib) by then, was anxiously
awaiting his arrival. The Prophet (S.A.W) received Ali (A.S.), embraced him and dressed his bleeding
The Prophet (S.A.W) during his four day stay at Quba constructed the worlds first Mosque with the help
of the local Muslims. He himself participated in the construction work, and carried stones and mud on
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his head. The Muslims while constructing the mosque recited, “Whosoever builds a Mosque and reads
Quran is saved.” After completing the Mosque the Prophet (S.A.W) and his followers offered their first
prayer in it facing Jerusalem.
During the Prophet (S.A.W)’s stay at Quba the strength of the Muslims grew constantly. People broke
their idols and embraced Islam. The Prophet (S.A.W) then left for Yasrib with his entire group. Buraida
Bin Al Hasseeb and his seventy men had just embraced Islam took the Prophet (S.A.W) in a procession.
The city of Yasrib was a collection of houses, castles, farms and gardens. All located in comparatively
green lands. The inhabitants of this city belonged to the tribes of Aws and Khazraj the two branches of
Azd clan, an idol worshipping community. Along with them lived Bani Quraizah, Bani Nazir and Bani
Quinqaa, the Jewish tribes who had migrated from different places and settled here. The city of Yasrib
like other cities of those days were ruled by oppression, tyranny and war. The tribes of Aws and
Khazraj always fought among themselves and were bitter enemies of each other. But their enmity
ended to some extent with the arrival of the Prophet (S.A.W) to Yasrib with his message of love,
brotherhood and equality, kindness and sincerity, the blessings of Islam.