HAZRAT ABU TALIB
THE OBLIGER OF ISLAM
After Abdul Mutallib’s death his son Abu Talib (A.S.) (Ali’s (A.S.) father) became the Amir of Mecca and
the trustee of Kaaba (as Abdulla the elder brother had died earlier). Like his father Abu Talib (A.S.) too
took upon himself the duty of being the host of the pilgrims of Kaaba. He became so popular that the
Arabs began to call him “Baizatul Bilaad” [Ibne Aseer].
Apart from being the trustee of Kaaba, Allah bestowed upon Abu Talib (A.S.) the honour of being the
guardian of the Prophet (S.A.W), who had lost his father even before he was born, and his mother had
died when the Prophet (S.A.W) was hardly six years old. Abu Talib (A.S.) stood with the Prophet (S.A.W)
for more than forty-five years risking his own life and the life of his children. He, however, never
submitted to the threats of the enemies of Islam. Perhaps it was this affection and sacrifice of Abu Talib
(A.S.) that developed and took the human form of Ali (A.S.), who though was only thirteen years old but
never for a moment left the company of the Prophet (S.A.W) and continued with the mission his father
had left for him till the end of his life.
THE BIRTH OF ALI (A.S.)
Ali (A.S.) was born on the 13th of Rajab about 600 A.D. within the precincts of Kaaba at Mecca, the
Capital of Hejaz, a peninsula on the Red Sea. Mecca was then also known as Bekka, Batha and Ummul
Qura. This was the same place where Ibrahim had brought his son Ismail to sacrificing him in the name
of Allah. Mecca was then three kilometers from east to west and one and a half kilometers from north to
south. Its surface from the sea level was 330 meters high and was surrounded by mountains on four
sides. Al-Quran has called Mecca an uncultivable land and the word Arab means desert. The birth of Ali
(A.S.) took place three years after the marriage of the Prophet (S.A.W) with Khadija binte Khuwaylid.
The Prophet (S.A.W) then was thirty years old. The name of Ali (A.S.)’s mother was also Fatema
daughter of Asad son of Hashim. Thus both his parents were cousins and belonged to the same clan of
Hashim. Ali (A.S.) was the fourth son of Abu Talib (A.S.). The three others were Talib, Jafar and Aquil.
At the time of Ali (A.S.)’s birth his father Abu Talib (A.S.) and Prophet Mohammad (S.A.W) were out of
Mecca on a business tour. His mother wanted to call him Asad after her own father but later settled to
call him Haider. His father wised to name him Zaid after his deceased brother, but the Prophet (S.A.W)
gave him the name of Ali (A.S.) which the parents accepted.