Nabi Pakﷺ said: Send gifts for your dead

It is reported in Jāmi‘ al-Akhbār from one of the Prophet’s Companions that the Prophet (ṣ) said, “Send gifts for your dead.” When asked what kind of gifts those might be, the Prophet replied, “Charity (ṣadaqah) and supplication (du‘ā).”

The Prophet (ṣ) also said,

“Indeed the spirits of the dead arrive every Friday at the lowest heaven and stop opposite their homes and dwellings. Each of them cries out with a sad and doleful voice as they weep, ‘O my relatives, O my children, O my father, O my mother, O my kinsmen! Give us, may God have mercy on you, out of that which was once in our own hands and for which we will be answerable at Judgement and on account of which we face affliction and distress here, while others benefit from it.’ Everyone of them cries out to his relatives, ‘Give us a penny, a loaf of bread, or a piece of clothing, may Allah clothe you with the garments of paradise!’”

Thereat the Prophet (ṣ) wept and his Companions wept along with him. He wept so intensely that he could not speak for a while. Then he said,

“They were your brethren in faith who became decayed bones and dust after having experienced the joys and bliss of life, and now they are crying out, cursing themselves, saying, ‘Woe to us! Had we spent what we once possessed in our hands in obeying God and for the sake of His pleasure, we would not have stood in need of you!’ Then they return with regret and remorse, and cry out, ‘Make haste in sending charities for the dead!’ ”

The Prophet (ṣ) is also reported to have said,

“Whatever charity is given for the dead, is taken by an angel in a brilliant tray of light whose radiance reaches the seven heavens. Then standing at the edge of the pit he says, ‘Peace be to you O inhabitants of the graves! Your relatives have sent these gifts for you!’ So the dead person takes his gift and reenters his grave with it, whereby his resting place becomes roomier.” Then he added, “Behold! Whoever does kindness to a dead person through an act of charity will receive from God a reward like the mountain of Uḥud, and on the Day of Resurrection he will be in the shade of the Divine Throne, when there will no other shade. That is how the living and the dead obtain deliverance through such a charity.”

It is related that they saw the emir of Khurāsān in a dream and he was pleading, “Send for me what you throw for your dogs, for I am in need of it.”

It should be known that the ziyārah of the graves of the faithful has a great reward and there are many additional benefits in it such as prompting one to take lesson from the dead, becoming more aware of one’s situation in life, cultivating an attitude of detachment towards the world and and its attractions and inclining towards the Hereafter. One should visit the graveyards at times of great grief and great joy. Wise are those who take lesson from the dead, so that the charms of worldly life are driven out from their heart. The honey of mundane pleasures turns bitter in their mouths, prompting them to reflect on the transient nature of the world and its changing conditions and to remember that soon he too shall be like them, unable to perform any works, and become a lesson for others.

From Maftih al-Jinan, the chapter on visiting the graves of the Faithful

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